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Draft resolution for discussion and adoption by local jurisdictions in New Mexico
WHEREAS, in recognition of these facts, the United States and all other NPT signatories formally committed to a “Thirteen Point Plan” in 2000 that lays the groundwork for systematic and progressively disarmament of the world's nuclear weapons, including “an unequivocal undertaking by the nuclear-weapon States to accomplish the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals leading to nuclear disarmament to which all States parties are committed under Article VI;” and
a) The initiation of manufacture of plutonium warhead cores (“pits”) for the first time since closure of the Rocky Flats Plant near Denver in 1989;
b) The subsequent rapid expansion of pit manufacturing, from none today to 80 pits per year by 2012 if not sooner; and
c) Major investments in plutonium manufacturing and related facilities to enable further increases in LANL pit manufacturing after 2012; and
WHEREAS, re-starting U.S. nuclear weapons manufacture after 17 years would send a dramatic signal to the world, undercutting global nonproliferation efforts and potentially strengthening terrorist recruitment.
WHEREAS, any use of plutonium creates health and environmental hazards; in addition to ordinary worker contamination and minor accidents, the risk of severe accidents, earthquakes, sabotage, and terrorist attack can never fully be predicted or eliminated;
WHEREAS, these activities generate large amounts of radioactive wastes of several kinds, and these wastes are now being permanently disposed at both Los Alamos and near Carlsbad, and any expansion of nuclear weapons design and manufacturing activities will cause proportionately more new radioactive waste to be generated and disposed in New Mexico; and
WHEREAS, the United States
a) Currently maintains an arsenal of nearly 10,000 nuclear weapons, approximately 2,000 of which reside in New Mexico, more than in any other state, along with large stocks of plutonium and other fissile materials, tons of which also reside in New Mexico;
b) Stores approximately 12,000 additional plutonium pits near Amarillo, Texas, including a “strategic reserve” of 5,000 pits;
c) Is designing new types of nuclear warheads, including proposed "Reliable Replacement Warheads”; and
WHEREAS, more than 40% of all U.S. nuclear weapons spending occurs in New Mexico, much more than in any other state; and
3. The governing body directs the City Clerk to send copies of this resolution to New Mexico’s congressional delegation, the Governor, the Secretary of the DOE and the Administrator of the NNSA.
 U.S. Constitution, Article VI, Clause 2.
 The full International Court of Justice (ICJ) opinion is available from the Lawyer’s Committee for Nuclear Policy at http://www.lcnp.org/wcourt/opinion.htm; an excellent set of background materials and commentary has been collected at http://www.lcnp.org/wcourt.
 See this and many related materials assembled by the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom’s “Reaching Critical Will” Project, at http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/legal/npt/13point.html.
 See especially FY 2007 DOE Congressional Budget Request (FY2007 DOE CBR), Volume 1, National Nuclear Security Administration [NNSA], pp. 187-195, at http://www.mbe.doe.gov/budget/07budget/Content/Volumes/Vol_1_NNSA.pdf.
 See especially Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, [“SWEIS”] June 2006, at http://www.eh.doe.gov/nepa/docs/deis/eis0380d/index.html. Discussion of pit production increases can be found in the SWEIS “Summary” volume at pp S-37-38, http://www.eh.doe.gov/nepa/docs/deis/eis0380d/summary/summary.pdf.
 Especially the proposed Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement (CMRR) facility, costing up to $975 million if completed on budget by 2014; see FY2007 DOE CBR, Vol. 1, pp. 279-285.
 In fact, there are more nuclear weapons in Albuquerque than at any other location in the world, (Los Alamos Study Group conclusions from interviews with a leading Russian weapons complex analyst, Oleg Bukharin, at Princeton University). For U.S. deployments, see Natural Resources Defense Council, “Taking Stock: U.S. Nuclear Deployments Worldwide,” http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/tkstock/tssum.asp.
 DOE, Plutonium: The First Fifty Years, 1994, archived at http://www.osti.gov/opennet/document/pu50yrs/pu50y.html.
 Stan Norris and Bill Arkin, “U.S. nuclear stockpile, July 1997,” in the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, July/August 1997, pp. 62-63, http://www.thebulletin.org/article_nn.php?art_ofn=ja97norris.
 See for example FY 2007 DOE CBR , Vol. 1, pp. 71ff under “Reliable Replacement Warhead.” One of the better news articles concerning the RRW is by James Sterngold, “Upgrades planned for U.S. nuclear stockpile; agency leader expects significant warhead redesigns,” San Francisco Chronicle, January 15, 2006, in which Linton Brooks, NNSA Administrator, “said the new effort -- called the Reliable Replacement Warhead program -- would involve a redesign of virtually all components of the warheads, as well as the resuscitation of the complex for manufacturing them at a potential cost of many billions of dollars.” At http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2006/01/15/MNGTTGNL5P1.DTL.
 A conservative estimate of the portion of U.S. warhead spending which occurs in New Mexico is 44%. See FY 2007 DOE Congressional Budget Request, State Tables for the New Mexico amount, and FY 2007 DOE Congressional Budget Request, Volume 1, National Nuclear Security Administration for the total nuclear weapons budget. Both are at http://www.mbe.doe.gov/budget/07budget/start.htm.
 Program on International Policy Attitudes, University of Maryland, Steven Kull et. al., “Americans on WMD Proliferation,” April 15, 2004, archived at http://www.lasg.org/WMDreport_04_15_04.pdf. See also the AP/IPSOS poll from March, 2005 at http://www.lasg.org/PressAdvisory3-31-05.htm.
 The Call for Nuclear Disarmament at http://www.lasg.org has been endorsed by 117 New Mexico organizations, 312 New Mexico businesses, 97 national and international organizations and approximately 4,000 New Mexico individuals. Resolutions containing all elements of this Call have been passed by the governing bodies of the City of Santa Fe (Resolution 2005-39, passed on April 13, 2005 by a 7-to-1 vote) and by the town of Madrid (i.e. the Madrid Landowners Association). Another resolution condemning expanded pit production in particular has been sponsored by 7 (out of 8) City of Santa Fe councilors and may have already been approved as of this writing.