Nuclear Weapons Complex


Table 1: Overview of the Principal Sites in the U.S. Nuclear Weapons Complex
and their Operating Contractors

Compiled by the Los Alamos Study Group, December 15, 2005; see notes for details



Land Area

FY 2005 NNSA Budget

($ Million) [1]


Direct Contractor Employment [2]

Contract Duration/


U.S. Senators


Congressional District & Representative

Kansas City Plant (KCP)

Kansas City, MO; 12 miles S of downtown Kansas City

122 acres


Honeywell [16] [3]

2,800 (out of 3,400

employees site-wide)

End of 2007 [4]

Christopher Bond

Jim Talent

Dist. 5

Emanuel Cleaver

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

Livermore, CA; 45 miles E of San Francisco

12 sq. miles


University of California [8]3

4,900 (out of 7,700

employees site-wide)

June 1, 2005 to May 31, 2010 [5]

Barbara Boxer

Diane Feinstein

Dist. 10

Ellen Tauscher

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

Los Alamos, NM; 25 miles NW of Santa Fe

28,000 acres


University of California [8] 3

6,000 (out of 8,600

 employees site-wide)

June 1, 2006 [6]

Jeff Bingaman

Pete Domenici

Dist. 3

Tom Udall

NNSA Service Center

Albuquerque, NM (at Kirtland AFB)




[472 federal]


Jeff Bingaman

Pete Domenici

Dist. 1 Heather Wilson

Nevada Test Site (NTS)

65 miles NW of Las Vegas

1,375 sq. miles



Bechtel Nevada Corporation [7] [14] 3

2,400 (out of 3,500

employees site-wide)

Oct. 1, 2005 to Dec. 31, 2005 [8]

John Ensign

Harry Reid

Dist. 1

Shelley Berkley

Pantex Plant

Panhandle, TX; 17 miles NE of Amarillo

16,000 acres



BWXT Pantex, LLC

[22] 3

3,200 (out of 3,400

employees site-wide)

Feb. 1, 2006 to Sept. 30, 2010 [9]

John Cornyn

Kay Hutchison

Dist. 13

Mac Thornberry

Sandia National Laboratory (SNL)

Kirtland Air Force Base (KAFB),  S of Albuquerque, NM [10]

9,000 acres



Lockheed Martin Corporation [11] [1] 3


5,300 (out of 8,700

employees site-wide)

Oct. 1, 2003 to Sept. 30, 2009 [12]

Jeff Bingaman

Pete Domenici

Dist. 1

Heather Wilson

Savannah River Site (SRS)

Western South Carolina; bordering the Savannah River

310 sq. miles



Westinghouse Savannah River Company, LLC [13] [71] 3

1,700 (out of 10,100

employees site-wide)

Sept. 30, 2006 [14]

Lindsey Graham

Jim DeMint

Dist. 3

J. Gresham Barrett

Y-12 National Security Complex

20 miles W of Knoxville, TN

800 acres



BWXT Y-12, LLC [22]3

4,000 (out of 4,500


Oct. 1, 2005 to Sept. 30, 2010 [15]

Lamar Alexander

Bill Frist

Dist. 2

John J. Duncan, Jr.

Washington Headquarters

Washington, DC &

Germantown, MD




[777 federal; 2,736 all NNSA sites] [16]





Notes to Table 1:

[1] Mid-fiscal year (FY) 2005 estimates for total National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) activities at the sites and adjacent site offices, from Department of Energy (DOE) FY2006 Congressional Budget Request, Vol. 1 NNSA, February 2005,  Total site expenditures at some sites, specially at the three labs, are significantly greater than NNSA funding alone.  Figures include contract funds expended at other locations; this is especially important for the two NNSA administrative sites. 

[2] Projected figures for FY 2006.  (DOE, op. cit.)  These figures do not include all the subcontractors, or the federal employees at KCP, LLNL, LANL, NTS, Pantex, SNL, SRS, or Y-12.

[3] The bracketed figure are the approximate ranks of these contractors in terms of overall defense procurement (DoD + DOE), omitting clandestine contracts.

[4] Heaster, Randolph, “Panel backs Honeywell plant closure, consolidation plan would shut KC facility,” The Kansas City Star(MO), 19 July, 2005.

[5] DOE Press Release, “Energy Department Awards Contract to the University of California to Manage and Operate Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,” 19 April 2005,

[6] Lenderman, Andy, “Fairness Key in Choosing New LANL Management,” The Santa Fe New Mexican, 2 October 2005.

[7] Bechtel Nevada Corporation is composed of Bechtel Corporation, Lockheed Martin Corporation, and Johnson Controls Worldwide Services.

[9] Pantex Press Release, “BWXT Pantex Earns Contract Extension to Manage Pantex Plant,”

[10] Sandia National Laboratory also has facilities in Livermore, California (400 acres), Kauai, Hawaii (120 acres) and Tonopah, Nevada (600 sq. miles).

[11] Lockheed Martin is also in partnership with British Nuclear Fuels Ltd., and SERCO, forming the Atomic Weapons Establishment Management, Ltd. (AWEML), which manages nuclear weapons sites in the United Kingdom. 

[12] NNSA Press Release, “NNSA to extend contract for operation of Sandia National Laboratories,” 9 December 2004,  

[13] Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC), LLC is a consortium of four partner firms: Westinghouse Savannah River Company, Bechtel Savannah River Company, Inc., BNFL Savannah River Corporation, and BWXT Savannah River Company.

[14] Gelinas, Josh, “Volunteers eliminate need for SRS layoffs,” The August Chronicle, 26 October 2005.

[15] Munger, Frank, “Negotiations to begin with BWXT for new Y-12 contract - Announcement sign that extension has been approved in D.C.” The Knoxville News-Sentinel, 2 June, 2005.

[16] Total NNSA federal employment, includes 204 persons in naval reactors, 100 in environmental projects, 575 in secure transportation, and 1,857 in all other programs.



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